Ardila, A. (2003). Language representation and working memory with bilinguals. Journal of Communication Disorders, 36, 233-240.
Baddeley, A. D. (2012). Working memory: Theories, models, and controversies. Annual Review of Psychology, 63, 1-29.
Baddeley, A.D., & Hitch, G. (1974). Working memory. In G. H. Bower (Ed.), The psychology of learning & motivation (pp. 47-90). New York: Academic Press.
Barrouillet, P., & Fayol, M. (1998). From algorithmic computing to direct retrieval: Evidence from number and alphabetic arithmetic in children and adults. Memory & Cognition, 26 (2), 355-368.
Carruthers, P. (2013). Evolution of working memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 11 (Supplement 2), pp. 10371-10378.
Case, R., Kurland, D. M., & Goldberg, J. (1982). Operational efficiency and the growth of short-term memory span. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 33(3), 386-404.
Colom, R., Rebollo, I., Abad, F. J., & Shih, P. C. (2006). Complex span tasks, simple span tasks, and cognitive abilities: A reanalysis of key studies. Memory & Cognition, 34 (1), 158-171.
Colom, R., Shih, P. C., Flores-Mendoza, C., & Quiroga, M. A. (2006). The real relationship between short-term memory and working memory. Memory, 14, 804-813.
Conway, A. R. A., Cowan, N., Bunting, M. F., Therriault, D. J., & Minkoff, S. R. (2002). A latent variable analysis of working memory capacity, short-term memory capacity, processing speed, and general fluid intelligence. Intelligence, 30, 163-183.
Conway, A.R.A., & Engle, R.W. (1996). Individual differences in WM capacity: More evidence for a general capacity theory. Memory, 4, 577-590.
Conway, A. R. A., Kane, M. J., Bunting, M. F., Hambrick, D., Wilhelm, O. & Engle, R. (2005). Working memory span tasks: A methodological review and user’s guide. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 12 (5), 769-786.
Cowan, N. (2001). The magical number 4 in short-term memory: a reconsideration of mental storage capacity. The Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 24(1), 87‑114.
Cowan, N. (2013). Working memory underpins cognitive development, learning, and education. Educational Psychology Review, 26(2), 197-223.
Cowan, N. (2015). Second language use, theories of working memory and the Venetian mind. In Z. E. Wen, M. B. Mota, & A. McNeill (Eds.), Working memory in second language acquisition and processing (pp.29-40). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Crowe, S. F. (2000). Does the letter-number sequencing task measure anything more than digit span? Assessment, 7(2), 113-117.
Danahy, K., Windsor, J., & Kohnert, K. (2007). Counting span and the identification of primary language impairment. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 42(3), 349-365.
Daneman, M., & Carpenter, P. A. (1980). Individual differences in working memory and reading. Journal of Verbal Learning & Verbal Behavior, 19, 450-466.
Dehaene, S. (2002). Verbal and nonverbal representations of numbers in the human brain. In M. Galaburda, S. M. Kosslyn, & Y. Christen (eds), The Languages of the brain (pp. 179-190), Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Dollaghan, C., & Campbell, T. F. (1998). Nonword repetition and child language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, & Hearing Research, 41, 1136-1146.
Dufva, M., & Vauras, M. (2002). Promoting at-risk pupils’ foreign language literacy learning. Precursors of Functional Literacy. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 317-337.
Dunn, G., Gaudia, L., Lowenherz, J., & Barnes, M. (1990). Effects of reversing digits forward and digits backward and strategy use on digit span performance. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 8(1), 22-33.
Engle, R. W., Cantor, J., & Carullo, J. J. (1992). Individual differences in working memory and comprehension: A test of four hypotheses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 18, 972-992
Engle, R. W., Kane, M. J., & Tuholski, S. W. (1999). Individual differences in working memory capacity and what they tell us about controlled attention, general fluid intelligence, and functions of the prefrontal cortex. In A. Miyake, & P. Shah (Eds.), Models of working memory (pp. 102-134). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Friedman, N. P., & Miyake, A. (2004). The reading span test and its predictive power for reading comprehension ability. Journal of Memory & Language, 51(1), 136-158
Friedman, N.P., & Miyake, A. (2005). Comparison of four scoring methods for the reading span test. Behavior Research Methods, 37(4), 581-590.
Gass, S., & Lee, J. (2011) Working memory capacity, inhibitory control, and proficiency in a second language. In M. Schmid. & W. Lowie (Eds.), From structure to chaos: Twenty years of modeling bilingualism: In honor of Kees de Bot (pp. 59–84). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Gathercole, S. E., & Alloway, T. P. (2008). Working memory and classroom learning. In K. Thurman, & K. Fiorello (Eds.), Cognitive development in K-3 classroom learning: Research applications. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Harrington, M. (1992). Working memory capacity as a constraint on L2 development. In R. J. Harris (Ed.), Cognitive processing in bilinguals (pp. 123-135). Amsterdam: North Holland.
Hilbert, S., Nakagawa, T. T., Puci, P., Zech, A., & Bühner, M. (2014). The digit span backward task. Verbal and visual cognitive strategies in working memory assessment. European Journal of Psychological Assessment.
Hitch, G. J., & McAuley, E. (1991). Working memory in children with specific arithmetical learning difficulties. British Journal of Psychology, 82(3), 375-386.
Jaeggi, S. M., Buschkuehl, M., Perrig, W. J., & Meier, B. (2010). The concurrent validity of the n-back task as a working memory measure. Memory, 18, 394-412.
Jones, G., & Macken, B. (2015). Questioning short-term memory and its measurement: Why digit span measures long-term associative learning. Cognition, 144, 1-13.
Juffs, A., & Harrington, M. (2011). Aspects of working memory in L2 learning. Language Teaching, 44(2), 137-166.
Kane, M. J., Conway, A. R., Miura, T. K., & Colflesh, G. J. (2007). Working memory, attention control, and the N-back task: a question of construct validity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 33(3), 615-622.
Kane, M. J., Hambrick, D. Z., Tuholski, S. W., Wilhelm, O., Payne, T. W., & Engle, R. W. (2004). The generality of working memory capacity: A latent-variable approach to verbal and visuospatial memory span and reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 133, 189-217.
Lépine, R., Bernardin, S., & Barrouillet, P. (2005). Attention switching and working memory spans. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 17(3), 329-345.
Linck, J. A., Osthus, P., Koeth, J. T. & Bunting, M.F. (2014). Working memory and second language comprehension and production: A meta-analysis. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21(4), 861-883.
McLaughlin, B. (1995). Aptitude from an information processing perspective. Language Testing, 11, 364−381.
Mitchell, A. E., Jarvis, S., O’Malley, M. & Konstantinova, I. (2015). Working memory measures and L2 proficiency. In Z. E. Wen, M. B. Mota, & A. McNeill (Eds.), Working memory in second language acquisition and processing (pp. 270-284). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Miyake, A., & Friedman, N. P. (2012). The nature and organization of individual differences in executive functions: Four general conclusions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(1), 8-14.
Montgomery, J. W. (2002). Understanding the language difficulties of children with specific language impairments: Does verbal working memory matter? American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 11(1), 77-91.
Norman, D., & Shallice, T. (1986). Attention to action: Willed and automatic control of behavior. In R.J. Davidson, G.E. Schwarts, & D. Shapiro (Eds.), Consciousness and self-regulation (Vol. 4; pp. 1-18). New York: Plenum Press.
Oberauer, K., & Süß, H. M. (2000). Working memory and interference: A comment on Jenkins, Myerson, Hale, and Fry (1999). Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 7, 727-733.
Phye, G. D., & Pickering, S. J. (2006). Working memory and education. Academic Press.
Redick, T. S., Broadway, J. M., Meier, M. E., Kuriakose, P. S., Unsworth, N., Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2012). Measuring working memory capacity with automated complex span tasks. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 28(3), 164-171
Redick, T. S., & Lindsey, D. R. (2013). Complex span and n-back measures of working memory: A meta-analysis. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20(6), 1102-1113.
Roodenrys, S., & Hinton, M. (2002). Sublexical or lexical effects on serial recall of nonwords? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 28, 29-33.
Sagarra, N. (2017). Longitudinal effects of working memory on L2 grammar and reading abilities. Second Language Research, 1-23.
Salthouse, T. A., & Babcock, R.L. (1991). Decomposing adult age differences in working memory. Developmental Psychology, 27(5), 763-776.
Sanz, C., Lin, H. J., Lado, B., Stafford, C. A., & Bowden, H. W. (2014). One size fits all? Learning conditions and working memory capacity in Ab initio language development. Applied Linguistics, 37, 1-26.
Sasisekaran, J., Smith, A., Sadagopan, N., & Weber‐Fox, C. (2010). Nonword repetition in children and adults: Effects on movement coordination. Developmental Science, 13(3), 521-532.
Schmiedek, F., Hildebrandt, A., Lövdén, M., Wilhelm, O., & Lindenberger, U. (2009). Complex span versus updating tasks of working memory: The gap is not that deep. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 35, 1089-1096.
Schmiedek, F., Lövdén, M., & Lindenberger, U. (2014). A task is a task is a task: putting complex span, n-back, and other working memory indicators in psychometric context. Frontiers in psychology, 5,1475.
Shahnazari, M. (2013). The development of a Persian reading span test for the measure of L1 Persian EFL learners’ working memory capacity. Applied Research on the English Language, 2(2), 107-116.
Skehan, P. (2015). Working memory and second language performance: A commentary. In Z. E. Wen, M. B. Mota, & A. McNeill (Eds.), Working memory in second language acquisition and processing (pp. 189-204). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
St Clair-Thompson, H. L. (2007). The influence of strategies on relationships between working memory and cognitive skills. Memory, 15(4), 353-365.
Tagarelli, K. M., Mota, M. B. & Rebuscha, P. (2015). Working memory, learning conditions and the acquisition of L2 syntax. In Z. E. Wen, M. B. Mota, & A. McNeill (Eds.), Working memory in second language acquisition and processing (pp.224-247). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Tehan, G., Hendry, L., & Kocinski, D. (2001). Word length and phonological similarity effects in simple, complex, and delayed serial recall tasks: Implications for working memory. Memory, 9, 333-348.
Thorn, A. S., & Gathercole, S. E. (1999). Language-specific knowledge and short-term memory in bilingual and non-bilingual children. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: Section A, 52(2), 303-324
Turner, M. L., & Engle, R. W. (1989). Is working memory capacity task dependent? Journal of Memory & Language, 28, 127-154.
Unsworth, N. (2010). On the division of working memory and long-term memory and their relation to intelligence: A latent variable approach. Acta Psychologica, 134, 16-28.
Unsworth, N., & Engle, R. W. (2007). The nature of individual differences in working memory capacity: Active maintenance in primary memory and controlled search from secondary memory. Psychological Review, 114(1), 104-132.
Unsworth, N., Heitz, R. P., Schrock, J. C., & Engle, R. W. (2005). An automated version of the operation span task. Behavior Research Methods, 37, 498-505.
Van den Noort, M., Bosch, P., Haverkort, M., & Hugdahl, K. (2008). A standard computerized version of the reading span test in different languages. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 24(1), 35-42.
Waters, G. S., & Caplan, D. (1996). The measurement of verbal working memory capacity and its relation to reading comprehension. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Human Experimental Psychology, 49 (1), 51–79.
Waters, G. S., & Caplan, D. (2003). The reliability and stability of verbal working memory measures. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, 35, 550-564.
Wen, Z. E. (2014). Theorizing and measuring working memory in first and second language research. Language Teaching, 47(2), 173-190.
Wen, Z. E. (2015). Working memory in second language acquisition and processing: The phonological/executive model. In Z. E. Wen, M. B. Mota, & A. McNeill (Eds.), Working memory in second language acquisition and processing (pp. 41-62). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Wen, Z. E., Mota, M. B., & McNeill, A. (Eds.). (2015). Working memory in second language acquisition and processing. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Wright, C. (2015). Working memory and L2 development across the lifespan: A commentary. In Z. E. Wen, M. B. Mota, & A. McNeill (Eds.), Working memory in second language acquisition and processing (pp.285-298). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.