Exploring Language Learning Strategy Use: The Role of Multiple Intelligences, L2 Proficiency and Gender

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 English Department, Faculty of Literature & Humanities, Shahr-e-Kord University, Saman Road, Shahr-e-Kord.

2 Shahrekord University

Abstract

Multiple intelligences (MI), second/foreign (L2) proficiency and gender are postulated to contribute to language learning strategies (LLS). This study, first, examined whether there was any relationship between Iranian EFL learners’ LLS, on the one hand, and their MI, L2 proficiency, on the other hand. In so doing, it explored the relationship of the overall L2 strategy as well as individual strategy types with overall MI and individual intelligence types. Second, it explored the extent to which MI, L2 (i.e. English) proficiency, and gender would predict the EFL learners’ LLS. To these ends, 90 undergraduate EFL learners from several universities participated in this study. To collect the data, Strategy Inventory for Language Learning, Multiple Intelligences Developmental Assessment Scale, and a language proficiency test were used. Pearson product moment correlation and multiple regression analysis revealed a significantly positive relationship between the learners’ LLS and their MI and a weak relationship between L2 proficiency and LLS. Also, significant correlations were found between some strategy types and several individual intelligences with the highest correlation between intrapersonal intelligence and cognitive strategies, and the lowest one between naturalist intelligence and affective strategies. Besides, MI made a unique and positive contribution to L2 strategy use while proficiency and gender, though found as positive predictors, failed to make a significant contribution.

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